Learn Spanish – Beginning with “Ser y Estar”

Good day Spanish learners!

It is always a good day to pick up a new language. When I think about school, language classes are the only ones I wish that I had put more effort into. This site is all about making up for that. If I knew then what I know now….that kind of thing.

Learning a language always starts with learning the pronouns ( I, you, he etc…) and pairing them with the  conjugations of the verb ” to be”. I guess that is because we all like to talk about ourselves?

” TO BE”

Simply “being” in Spanish is not the same as it is in English. You have the choice of two verbs; namely “SER and ESTAR”.

SER is used to represent permanent states of being.

For example

I am Canadian – Yo soy Canadiense

ESTAR is used for temporary states of being.

I am tired – Yo estoy cansada

My nationality is permanent, it will not change thus I use SER. The fact that I am tired could change if my husband stops snoring and I can get a good nights sleep. I am optimistic, so I use ESTAR.

Now, like all things, it can get confusing.

Yo soy cansada – Means I am a tiring person, it means; hang out with me and I will probably make you tired too.

Remember that

Yo estoy cansada  means ” Right now I am tired”

Yo soy cansada means “I am a tiring kind of person:

Get it?  Yeah, you got.

Let’s try that. Let me introduce myself in Spanish.

Yo soy Cecilia, soy Candiense y soy profesora de inglés.

My name is Cecilia, I am Canadian and I am an English teacher. ( you can see from this sentence that when you talk about occupations you also use :SER”)

Tengo un esposo y él es Peruano y guapo. También es un professor, pero de español.

I have(from the verb “tener“) a spouse and he is Peruvian and handsome. He is also a profesor but of Spanish.

What can you say about yourself?

Find some adjectives that describe what you look like and what you do. Put together an introduction.

Send it to me if you would like it corrected!

Let’ stop here for lesson #1. I hope you understand the differences between Ser y Estar.

For now you can familiarize with the pronouns ( I, you etc.) and the different ways to use SER Y ESTAR. You can use the chart below for reference.  The next post will offer more detail!

Buenas Noches, que te duermes bien.

Cecilia